热带海洋学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 56-64.doi: 10.11978/2016015

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两种蔷薇珊瑚骨骼微结构观察及钙化过程分析

耿涛年1, 姚雪梅1(), 张颖1, 谢夏岭1, 崔敏2, 林道明2   

  1. 1. 海南大学海洋学院, 海南 海口 570228
    2. 大洲岛海洋生态国家级自然保护区, 海南 万宁 571500
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-15 修回日期:2016-09-08 出版日期:2017-01-18 发布日期:2017-01-19
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:耿涛年(1991—), 男, 在读硕士生。

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31460555);国家海洋局项目(HZ2012-174);“中西部高校提升综合实力”资助项目

Skeletal microstructure observations and calcification process analysis of two species of Montipora

Taonian GENG1, Xuemei YAO1(), Ying ZHANG1, Xialing XIE1, Min CUI2, Daoming LIN2   

  1. 1. Ocean College, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
    2. Administration of Dazhou Island Ocean-ecology National Nature Reserve, Wanning 571500, China
  • Received:2016-02-15 Revised:2016-09-08 Online:2017-01-18 Published:2017-01-19
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (31460555);State Oceanic Administration Project (HZ2012-174);“Central and Western Colleges and Universities Enhance the Comprehensive Strength” Funding Projects

摘要:

蔷薇珊瑚属是印度—太平洋地区第二大造礁石珊瑚属, 本研究选取两种分枝状蔷薇珊瑚——指状蔷薇珊瑚Montipora digitata与脆蔷薇珊瑚Montipora fragilis, 利用扫描电子显微镜和能谱仪观察分析其骨骼微结构和钙化过程。结果表明, 两种蔷薇珊瑚骨骼基本组成结构(包括珊瑚杯、隔片、体壁、鳞板等)大体相同, 但也存在诸多细节差异。指状蔷薇珊瑚共骨为平滑型网状, 表面有较短的小刺(长约40μm), 珊瑚杯之间间隔较大(约1mm), 第一轮隔片除直接隔片大而呈薄片状外, 其他隔片发育不完整, 隔片刺较发达呈扁平狭板状。脆蔷薇珊瑚共骨为瘤突型网状, 表面有众多的小刺(长约100μm), 珊瑚杯之间有隆起的脊, 第一轮隔片退化成短刺状。脆蔷薇珊瑚体壁上的小孔比指状蔷薇珊瑚的大。蔷薇珊瑚骨骼主要成分为文石晶体, 多为簇状, 少数为鹅卵石状。能谱分析表明, 珊瑚碳酸钙骨骼并非直接生成, 而是经历以下4个过程: 1)钙的富集, 形成钙点; 2)钙结合碳与氧, 此时碳多氧少; 3)文石晶体趋于规则, 碳元素减少, 氧元素增多; 4)大量的文石晶体聚集成羽簇, 有序地排列形成成熟的骨骼。

关键词: 指状蔷薇珊瑚, 脆蔷薇珊瑚, 微结构, 钙化过程

Abstract:

Montipora is the second species-rich scleractinian genus that is widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Montipora digitata and Montipora fragilis, two species of branching Montipora, from the South China Sea were selected in this study, and its skeletal microstructures and calcification processes were observed and analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) combined with Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS). The results showed that the two species of Montipora skeletal basic elements were substantially the same (including calice, septum, theca, dissepiment, etc.), but there were many differences in details. Coenosteum surface of M. digitata was glabrous and recticular formation with shorter spines (about 40 μm) and each calices (about 1 mm) were separated by big interval. The septa of the first cycle was poorly developed except that the shape of its direct septum was sheet. In addition, teeth along the margin of septa developed well and had flat shape. The coenosteum surface of M. fragilis was tuberculate and recticular formation with many small spines (about 100 μm) and irregular nodular ridge between the calices. Compared with M. digitata, the first-cycle septa of M. fragilis had degenerated teeth. Main ingredients of the two kinds of coral skeletons were aragonite crystals, with most being tufted-crystals and a few being pebble-crystals. EDS analysis showed that the components of calcium carbonate from the skeleton were not directly generated, but formed in the following four processes: 1) the calcium was concentrated to develop calcium point; 2) calcium combined with carbon and oxygen, and the content of carbon was higher than that of oxygen; 3) aragonite crystals tended to look regular, and the content of carbon decreased and that of oxygen increased; and 4) a lot of aragonite crystals gathered into sclerodermite in orderly arrangement to form mature skeleton.

Key words: Montipora digitata, Montipora fragilis, skeletal microstructure, calcification process