热带海洋学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 95-102.doi: 10.11978/2018066

• 海洋地球物理学 • 上一篇    

基于深度域地震成像的中沙海槽盆地东北部结构构造研究

赵斌1,2(), 高红芳1,3, 张衡1,2, 李丽青1,2   

  1. 1. 自然资源部海底矿产资源重点实验室, 广东 广州 510075
    2. 广州海洋地质调查局资料处理研究所, 广东 广州 510760
    3. 广州海洋地质调查局区域地质调查所, 广东 广州 510760
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-22 修回日期:2018-08-20 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-04-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵斌(1987—), 男, 广州海洋地质调查局, 主要从事地质与地球物理综合研究。E-mail: kzhaobin@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国地质调查局项目(DD20160138、DD20189823);国家自然科学基金项目(41604110)

Structure study of the northeastern Zhongsha Trough Basin in the South China Sea based on prestack depth migration seismic imaging

Bin ZHAO1,2(), Hongfang GAO1,3, Heng ZHANG1,2, Liqing LI1,2   

  1. 1. Ministry of Natural Resources Key Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Guangzhou 510075, China
    2. Data Processing Institute of Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey, Guangzhou 510760, China
    3. Institute of Geology Survey, Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey, Guangzhou 510760, China
  • Received:2018-06-22 Revised:2018-08-20 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-04-15
  • Supported by:
    China Geological Survey Project (DD20160138, DD20189823);National Natural Science Foundation of China (41604110)

摘要:

文章基于叠前深度偏移地震成像分析, 结合前人重磁反演等地球物理资料成果, 对中沙海槽盆地东北部结构构造进行探索研究。研究表明: 中沙海槽盆地东北部发育新生代地层, 厚度在1500~2500m之间, 地层层速度为1500~ 3500m·s-1, 不存在中生界沉积层, 盆地基底为海山或前寒武系基岩及岩浆岩隆起。中沙海槽盆地新生代陆源海相烃源岩丰富, 盆地新生界地层厚度大, 盆地凹陷、断裂发育, 具有一定的油气勘探潜力。

关键词: 深度域地震成像, 中沙海槽盆地, 盆地结构构造

Abstract:

Based on analysis of the seismic images from prestack depth migration, combining previous results inverted from geophysical data, e.g., gravity and magnetic inversions and so on, we investigate the structure of the northeastern Zhongsha Trough Basin in the South China Sea. The results indicate that the Cenozoic strata are developed with a thickness of 1500~2500 m, and the stratum velocity is 1500~3500 m·s-1. There is no Mesozoic sedimentary layer. The base of the basin could be seamount, Precambrian bedrock, or magma uplift. The abundance of Cenozoic terrigenous marine source rocks, the thick layer of the Cenozoic strata, and well-developed basin depressions and faults all suggest that the northeastern Zhongsha Trough Basin has a certain potential for oil and gas exploration.

Key words: depth-domain seismic imaging, Zhongsha Trough Basin, basin structure

中图分类号: 

  • P738.4