热带海洋学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 1-8.doi: 10.11978/2019066

• 综述 •    下一篇

珊瑚礁生态系统修复研究进展

龙丽娟(), 杨芳芳, 韦章良   

  1. 中国科学院热带海洋生物资源与生态重点实验室, 中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 广东 广州 510301
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-16 修回日期:2019-07-17 出版日期:2019-11-20 发布日期:2019-11-26
  • 通讯作者: 龙丽娟
  • 作者简介:龙丽娟(1965—), 女, 广东省肇庆市人, 主要从事海洋生物资源挖掘、功能利用与生态工程应用研究。
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(KGZD-EW-609);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA13020000);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA13020203);国家自然科学基金(41806145);广州市科技计划项目(201707010174)

A review on ecological restoration techniques of coral reefs

LONG Lijuan(), YANG Fangfang, WEI Zhangliang   

  1. CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
  • Received:2019-06-16 Revised:2019-07-17 Online:2019-11-20 Published:2019-11-26
  • Contact: Lijuan LONG
  • Supported by:
    Foundation item: Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(KGZD-EW-609);Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA13020000);Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA13020203);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41806145);Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou(201707010174)

摘要:

健康的珊瑚礁生态系统具有造礁、护礁、固礁、防浪护岸、防止国土流失的功能。同时, 珊瑚礁生态系统生物多样性极高, 被称为海洋中的“热带雨林”。我国南海拥有200多个珊瑚岛、礁与沙洲, 是世界海洋珊瑚礁最丰富的区域之一。近年来, 由于全球气候变化和围填海等人类活动的影响, 珊瑚礁生态系统受到了不同程度的影响或破坏, 危及海洋生态与岛礁安全, 珊瑚礁生态系统的修复至关重要。本文对珊瑚礁生态系统的现状、修复方法及存在的问题进行了总结, 并在此基础上创新性地提出了基于系统的珊瑚礁多维生态系统修复模式并付诸实践, 以期提供更有效的珊瑚礁生态系统修复新方法。

关键词: 珊瑚礁, 退化, 生态修复, 修复技术

Abstract:

Coral reefs play vital roles in the construction, protection, and adhesion of reefs, and they protect coastal and national territories as well. Coral reefs have also been considered as tropical rainforests in the marine ecosystem with their abundant biodiversity. More than 200 species of coral reefs exist in the South China Sea; however, some of them have been severely damaged due to natural climate change and human activities in recent years, which threats marine and island safety. Therefore, ecological restoration for coral reef ecosystem is necessary and urgent. In this paper, we summarized the status of coral reefs, technical progress of ecological restoration, and important issues of coral reefs. Furthermore, a novel multidimensional restoration model based on system integrity was proposed and applied in restoring coral reefs, which may provide a new way to restore marine ecosystem.

Key words: coral reefs, degeneration, ecological restoration, restoration technology