热带海洋学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 54-74.doi: 10.11978/2021066

• 海洋调查与观测 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向典型海洋现象观测的水下滑翔机应用综述

杨绍琼1,2,3(), 成丹1, 陈光耀1, 罗辰奕1, 牛文栋1,2,3(), 马伟1,2,3, 法帅3   

  1. 1.天津大学机械工程学院机构理论与装备设计教育部重点实验室, 天津 300350
    2.天津大学青岛海洋技术研究院, 山东 青岛 266237
    3.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室, 海洋观测与探测联合实验室, 山东 青岛 266237
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-28 修回日期:2021-09-27 发布日期:2021-10-09
  • 通讯作者: 牛文栋
  • 作者简介:杨绍琼(1986—), 男, 安徽省宣城市人, 副教授, 博士研究生导师, 主要研究方向为深海智能装备、水下机器人和实验流体力学等。e-mail: shaoqiongy@tju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(11902219);国家自然科学基金(52005365);山东省支持青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室重大科技专项(2018SDKJ0205)

Review on the application of underwater gliders for observing typical ocean phenomena

YANG Shaoqiong1,2,3(), CHENG Dan1, CHEN Guangyao1, LUO Chenyi1, NIU Wendong1,2,3(), MA Wei1,2,3, FA Shuai3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Mechanism Theory and Equipment Design of Ministry of Education, School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China
    2. Qingdao Institute for Ocean Engineering, Tianjin University, Qingdao 266237, China
    3. The Joint Laboratory of Ocean Observing and Detection, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China
  • Received:2021-05-28 Revised:2021-09-27 Published:2021-10-09
  • Contact: NIU Wendong
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(11902219);National Natural Science Foundation of China(52005365);Marine S&T Fund of Shandong Province for Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao)(2018SDKJ0205)

摘要:

水下滑翔机是一种浮力驱动的无人水下自治观探测平台, 具有持续性、鲁棒性、自主性等特点, 是构建海洋观测技术体系重要的水下航行器之一。文章从水下滑翔机发展历程、运行方式和专用传感器展开, 基于国内外海洋学文献综述研究, 重点对水下滑翔机在典型海洋现象观测应用方面进行总结。水下滑翔机的运行稳定性、长时续, 观测高分辨率、低成本的特点, 满足了对海洋中尺度涡、内波、湍流、环流/边界流和锋面的长时间、精细化立体观测要求; 鲁棒性、自主性的特点使其能够适应台风过境、地震、原油泄漏前后等紧急恶劣海洋状况的监测; 运行平稳、低噪声的特点使其成为声学监测与探测的良好平台。对比分析国内外的水下滑翔机(组网)应用状况可以发现, 国内水下滑翔机在传感器、数据处理和组网技术方面都需要进一步完善。最后总结并展望了国内外水下滑翔机面向海洋现象观测的应用。

关键词: 水下滑翔机, 海洋现象, 观测与探测, 传感器

Abstract:

As a buoyancy-driven autonomous underwater observation platform, the underwater glider has characteristics of sustainability, robustness and autonomy. It is one of the important underwater vehicles to construct an ocean observation technology system. In this paper, the underwater glider's development history, operation mode and special sensors are introduced in detail. Based on the oceanographic literature at home and abroad, the application of underwater gliders for observing typical marine phenomena is summarized. The characteristics of the underwater glider, such as stability, long duration, high resolution, and low cost, meet the needs of long-time and carefully stereoscopic observations of mesoscale eddies, internal waves, turbulence, boundary flows, and fronts. The robustness and autonomy make it adapt to severe ocean conditions, such as typhoons, earthquakes and crude oil leakage before and after. The characteristics of stable operation and low noise also make it a good platform for acoustic monitoring and detection. Through comparative analysis and research on the application status of the underwater glider (networking) at home and abroad, we conclude that the sensor, data processing system and networking of the domestic underwater glider need to be further improved. Finally, we summarize and look forward to the application of underwater gliders for observing ocean phenomena at home and abroad.

Key words: underwater glider, ocean phenomenon, observation and detection, sensor

中图分类号: 

  • P715