热带海洋学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 17-28.doi: 10.11978/2021160

• 海洋气象学 • 上一篇    下一篇

FY-3D卫星MWHS-2辐射率资料直接同化对台风“米娜”预报的影响*

束艾青1(), 许冬梅1,2,4(), 李泓2, 吴海英3, 沈菲菲1,2, 邓华1, 白亚雯1   

  1. 1.南京信息工程大学气象灾害教育部重点实验室/气候与环境变化国际合作联合实验室/气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心, 江苏 南京 210044
    2.中国气象局上海台风研究所, 上海 200030
    3.江苏省气象台, 江苏 南京 210041
    4.高原与盆地暴雨旱涝灾害四川省重点实验室, 四川 成都 610225
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-16 修回日期:2022-01-11 出版日期:2022-09-10 发布日期:2022-01-17
  • 通讯作者: 许冬梅
  • 作者简介:束艾青(1997—), 男, 江苏省盐城市人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事卫星资料同化方向的研究。email: 20211201033@nuist.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(42192553);上海市优秀学术/技术带头人计划(21XD1404500);上海台风研究基金(TFJJ202107);国家自然科学基金(G41805016);国家自然科学基金(G41805070);江苏省自然科学基金(BK20201506);高原与盆地暴雨旱涝灾害四川省重点实验室开放研究基金(SZKT201904);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划(KYCX22_1163)

Assimilating MWHS-2 radiance of FY-3D satellite and its influence on the forecast of Typhoon Mitag*

SHU Aiqing1(), XU Dongmei1,2,4(), LI Hong2, WU Haiying3, SHEN Feifei1,2, DEND Hua1, BAI Yawen1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education (KLME) / Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC) / Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters (CIC-FEMD), Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
    2. Shanghai Typhoon Institute, China Meteorological Administration, Shanghai 200030, China
    3. Jiangsu Meteorological Observatory, Nanjing 210041, China
    4. Heavy Rain and Drought-Flood Disasters in Plateau and Basin Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610225, China
  • Received:2021-11-16 Revised:2022-01-11 Online:2022-09-10 Published:2022-01-17
  • Contact: XU Dongmei
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(42192553);Shanghai Academic / Technology Research Leader(21XD1404500);Shanghai Typhoon Research Foundation(TFJJ202107);National Natural Science Foundation of China(G41805016);National Natural Science Foundation of China(G41805070);Jiangsu Province Natural Science Fund(BK20201506);Research Project of Heavy Rain and Drought-Flood Disasters in Plateau and Basin Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province in China(SZKT201904);Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province(KYCX22_1163)

摘要:

文章基于天气研究和预报(weather research and forecasting, WRF)模式中的FY-3D卫星微波湿度计Ⅱ(micro-wave humidity sounder 2, MWHS-2)辐射率资料的直接同化模块, 采用三维变分(three dimensional variation, 3DVar)方法在晴空条件下同化MWHS-2辐射率资料, 考察MWHS-2辐射率资料同化对台风“米娜”(2019)预报的影响。文中设计了4组试验, 第一组试验不同化任何资料, 第二组试验同化了单独的全球通信系统(global telecommunications system, GTS)常规资料, 第三组试验联合同化了GTS常规资料和MWHS-2辐射率资料, 第四组试验将MWHS-2辐射率资料换成先进技术微波探测计(advanced technology microwave sounder, ATMS)辐射率资料同化。研究结果表明: 偏差订正后各通道观测和背景场差值的均值趋于0, 同化后分析场相对观测的标准差与均方根误差较背景场显著减小, 同化过程是有效的。与仅同化GTS常规资料和同化ATMS资料的试验相比, 同化晴空MWHS-2辐射率资料后的增量场在台风中心附近有负的高度增量和正的温度增量, 从动力与热力上有助于台风的维持。在确定性预报最后的12h, 同化晴空MWHS-2辐射率资料的试验能够改进500hPa环流形势的模拟, 加强西南方向引导气流的强度, 从而最终减小台风路径预报的误差。

关键词: 台风“米娜”, FY-3D卫星, 晴空MWHS-2辐射率资料, 三维变分, 数值预报

Abstract:

Based on the module of directly assimilating MWHS-2 (microwave humidity sounder 2) radiance of FY-3D in the WRF (weather research and forecasting) model, this study investigates the influence of assimilating clear-sky MWHS-2 radiance on the forecast of Typhoon Mitag (2019) by using the 3DVar (three dimensional variation) assimilation method. Four experiments are designed. No assimilation is performed in the first one, while only GTS (global telecommunications system) data are used in the second one. Further, the assimilation of both GTS data and MWHS-2 radiance is carried out in the third one. The fourth one replaces MWHS-2 radiance with ATMS (advanced technology microwave sounder) radiance. The results show that the mean differences of all channels between the observation and the background verge to 0 after the bias correction. In addition, compared with the background field, the standard deviation and root mean square error of the analysis field versus the observation decrease significantly after the assimilation, which demonstrates the effectiveness of assimilation. Compared with the experiment only assimilating GTS data and the experiment assimilating ATMS radiance, a negative height increment and a positive temperature increment are observed near the typhoon center after assimilating clear-sky MWHS-2 radiance, which contributes to the maintenance of typhoon from the dynamic and thermal aspects. In the last 12 hours of the deterministic forecast, the experiment assimilating clear-sky MWHS-2 radiance is able to improve the 500 hPa circulation simulation with stronger southwest steering flow, which finally reduces the error of typhoon track forecast.

Key words: Typhoon Mitag, FY-3D satellite, clear-sky MWHS-2 radiance, 3DVar, numerical weather prediction

中图分类号: 

  • P714.2