热带海洋学报

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环礁潟湖沉积物重建南沙群岛近680年热带气旋活动

杨红强1, 2, 3,谭飞1, 2, 4,徐辉龙1, 2,张喜洋1, 2,施祺 1, 2,陶士臣1, 2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院边缘海与大洋地质重点实验室,中国科学院南海海洋研究所,中国科学院南海生态环境工程创新研究院,广东 广州 510301;

    2. 南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州),广东 广州 511458;

    3. 中国科学院南沙海洋生态环境实验站,海南 三沙 573199;

    4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049

  • 收稿日期:2022-01-27 修回日期:2022-04-14 出版日期:2022-04-18 发布日期:2022-04-18
  • 通讯作者: 杨红强
  • 基金资助:

    南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)人才团队引进重大专项(GML2019ZD0206);中国科学院南海生态环境工程创新研究院自主部署项目(ISEE2018PY01);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA13010103)

Reconstruction of tropical cyclones activity in Nansha Islands over the past 680 years from the atoll lagoon sediments

YANG Hongqiang1, 2, 3, TAN Fei1, 2, 4, XU Huilong1, 2, ZHANG Xiyang1, 2, SHI Qi1, 2, TAO Shichen1, 2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ocean and Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China;

    2. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 511458, China;

    3. Nansha Marine Ecological and Environmental Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sansha 573199, China;

    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

  • Received:2022-01-27 Revised:2022-04-14 Online:2022-04-18 Published:2022-04-18
  • Contact: Hong-Qiang Yang
  • Supported by:

    Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) (GML2019ZD0206); Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ISEE2018PY01); Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA13010103)

摘要: 热带气旋活动以及由此产生的风暴潮和强降雨对南海及周边沿海地区社会经济构成巨大威胁。对器测记录之前全新世热带气旋的研究有助于准确预测全球变暖背景下热带气旋活动的变化趋势。本文利用南沙群岛安乐礁潟湖沉积物重建了小冰期以来680年准年分辨率的热带气旋活动,共识别28个风暴事件层。研究表明小冰期以来,南沙群岛安乐礁热带气旋活动在年代际到百年尺度上频繁变化,发育两个主要的风暴活跃期。在小冰期早期(1471~1620 AD)经历了最为强烈的风暴活跃期,另一个风暴活跃期位于现代暖期的1930~1960 AD,风暴活动虽有所加强,但明显低于小冰期早期。与同期永暑礁重建结果的对比表明热带气旋活动存在明显的时空差异性,更多来自相近区域的高分辨率风暴记录可有效降低古风暴活动重建的不确定性,增加重建记录的准确度。

关键词: 热带气旋, 小冰期, 潟湖沉积, 古风暴, 南沙群岛, 南海

Abstract: Tropical cyclones (TCs) and the resultant storm surges and heavy rainfall have posed huge socio-economic threats to the coastal areas of the South China Sea (SCS) and its surroundings. Holocene TCs studies before instrumental record help to accurately predict trends in TCs activity in the context of global warming. Here, we presented a new sub-annually resolved paleostorm record from the Anle reef lagoon sediments of Nansha Islands in the southern SCS over the last 680 years and a total of 28 storm event layers were identified. The new reconstruction indicates that the site has witnessed frequent TCs variations on a decadal to centennial-scale since the relative cold Little Ice Age (LIA), and two main storm active periods have been developed. The most intense storm activity period occurred in the early LIA (1471~1620 AD), and the other relative active period was witnessed in the Current Warm Period (CWP) of 1930~1960 AD. Although the storm activity in CWP was strengthened, it was significantly lower than that in the early LIA. Regional comparison with the storm reconstruction record of Yongshu Reef during the same period reveals distinct spatio-temporal heterogeneity in the southern SCS. More high-resolution storm records from similar or adjacent regions could effectively reduce the uncertainty of storm reconstructions and increase the accuracy of reconstructed records.

Key words: tropical cyclones, Little Ice Age, lagoon sediments, paleostorm, Nansha Islands, South China Sea