热带海洋学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 28-34.doi: 10.11978/j.issn.1009-5470.2012.03.004

• 海洋地球物理学 • 上一篇    下一篇

南海北部洋陆转换带地震反射特征和结构单元划分*

朱俊江1, 丘学林1, 徐辉龙1, 詹文欢1, 赵明辉1, 卫小冬1, 孙金龙1,杨睿2, 夏少红1, 黄海波1   

  1. 1.中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室, 中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 广东, 广州 510301;2. 中国科学院广州能源研究所, 可再生能源与天然气水合物重点实验室, 广东, 广州 510640
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-25 修回日期:2011-09-18 出版日期:2012-09-11 发布日期:2012-09-11
  • 作者简介:朱俊江(1976—), 男, 甘肃省永昌县人, 副研究员, 博士, 研究方向为海洋地球物理。E-mail: jzhu@scsio.ac.cn
    * 感谢 “实验2”号的全体船员和船上科学家为采集地震测线MCS2010-1数据所付出的劳动。感谢中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所常旭研究员和劳累公司的程大祥对Geometrics StrataVisor NZⅡ地震记录仪的帮助和指导。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院南海海洋研究所青年人才领域项目(SQ200910); 国家自然科学基金项目(41006030, 41176054); 国家自然科学基金与广东省联合基金项目(U0933006)

Seismic reflection characteristic and structure unit division of a continent-ocean transition zone in the northern South China Sea

ZHU Jun-jiang 1, QIU Xue-lin1, XU Hui-long1, ZHAN Wen-huan1, ZHAO Ming-hui1, WEI Xiao-dong1,SUN Jin-long1, YANG Rui2, XIA Shao-hong1, HUANG Hai-bo1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy and Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Received:2011-08-25 Revised:2011-09-18 Online:2012-09-11 Published:2012-09-11

摘要: 张裂大陆边缘和盆地主要通过岩石圈的伸展作用形成, 被动大陆边缘岩石圈的减薄导致了岩浆的减压熔融, 最终形成了洋壳和减薄的转换带。处理和分析了2010年中国科学院南海海洋研究所“实验2”号采集的南海北部地球物理调查的多道地震数据(MCS2010-1), 总结了南海北部洋陆转换带的地震反射特征。转换带主要由北部裂陷期下沉区段, 中部海山或埋藏海山隆起带和靠近海盆一侧的掀斜断块带组成。通过对比以前南海北部采集的反射地震数据和折射地震波速度模型, 圈定了洋陆转换带的分布范围, 洋陆转换带的宽度在南海东北部是225km, 中部是160km, 西北部是110km。依据零星的大于6级地震震中分布, 揭示了南海北部洋陆转换带目前仍是一个地震构造活跃带。

关键词: 被动大陆边缘, 洋陆转换带, 南海北部, 多道地震调查, 地震反射

Abstract: Rifted continental margins and basins are mainly formed by the lithospheric extension. Thinned lithosphere of passive continental margins leads to decompression melt of magma and created oceanic crust as well as thinned ocean-continent transition zone. A multi-channel seismic Line MCS 2010-1 in the northern South China Sea, acquired by the R/V "Shiyan 2" of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology in 2010, is processed and analyzed in this study. Reflection characteristics of a continent-ocean transition (COT) zone are summarized and outlined. Results show that the COT zone is mainly composed of the northern syn-rift subsidence zone, central volcanic or buried volcanic uplift zone, and tilt faulted blocks near the South China Sea basin. Compared to the previous seismic reflection data and refraction velocity models, the range of the COT zone is outlined, from about 225 km wide in the northeastern South China Sea, 160 km wide in the central to 110 km in the northern-central South China Sea. Epicenter distributions of sporadic and larger than 6 magnitude earthquakes suggest that the COT zone in the northern South China Sea is still an active seismic zone.

Key words: passive continental margins, continent-ocean transition zone, northern South China Sea, multi-channel seismic investigation, seismic reflection

中图分类号: 

  • P738.4