热带海洋学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 1-9.doi: 10.11978/2019086

所属专题: 南海专题

• 海洋水文学 •    下一篇

南海西部夏季上升流锋面的次中尺度特征分析

黄小龙1,2, 经志友1(), 郑瑞玺1,2, 张旭1,2   

  1. 1. 热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(中国科学院南海海洋研究所), 广东 广州 510301
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-12 修回日期:2019-12-20 出版日期:2020-05-10 发布日期:2020-05-19
  • 通讯作者: 经志友
  • 作者简介:黄小龙(1992—), 男, 广东省信宜市人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事上层海洋次中尺度过程研究。E-mail: huangxiaolong@scsio.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院基础前沿科学研究计划原始创新项目(ZDBS-LY-DQC011);国家自然科学基金项目(41776040);中国科学院南海生态环境工程创新研究院自主部署项目(ISEE2018PY05);青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室OCFL功能实验室开放课题(OCFL-201804);广州市科学研究计划(201904010420)

Analysis of submesoscale characteristics of summer upwelling fronts in the western South China Sea

Xiaolong HUANG1,2, Zhiyou JING1(), Ruixi ZHENG1,2, Xu ZHANG1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Guangzhou 510301, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
  • Received:2019-09-12 Revised:2019-12-20 Online:2020-05-10 Published:2020-05-19
  • Contact: Zhiyou JING
  • Supported by:
    Original Innovation Project of Basic Frontier Scientific Research Program of CAS(ZDBS-LY-DQC011);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41776040);Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, CAS(ISEE2018PY05);Laboratory for Ocean Dynamics and Climate, Pilot Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(OCFL-201804);Guangzhou Science and Technology Project(201904010420)

摘要:

利用卫星遥感资料和区域海洋数值模式ROMS(regional ocean modeling system)高分辨率数值模拟结果, 对南海西部夏季上升流锋面的次中尺度特征及其非地转过程进行了探讨。高分辨率卫星遥感观测和数值模拟结果显示, 南海西部夏季锋面海域存在活跃的次中尺度现象, 其水平尺度约为1~10km, 且具有O(1)罗斯贝数(Rossby number, Ro)的典型次中尺度动力学特征。进一步的诊断分析表明, 在夏季西南风的驱动下, 沿锋面射流方向的风应力(down-front wind stress)引起的跨锋面埃克曼输运有利于将海水由锋面冷水侧向暖水侧输运, 减小了锋面海域的垂向层结和Ertel位涡, 加剧了锋面的不稳定, 并形成跨锋面的垂向次级环流。高分辨率模拟结果显示, 锋面海域最大垂向流速可达100m?d -1, 显著增强了上层海洋的垂向物质交换。因此, 活跃在锋面海域的次中尺度过程可能是增强南海西部上升流海域垂向物质交换的重要贡献者。

关键词: 上升流锋面, 次中尺度过程, 区域海洋数值模式, 卫星遥感, 南海西部

Abstract:

We investigate submesoscale characteristics of summer upwelling fronts in the western South China Sea (WSCS) and associated ageostrophic processes by using satellite measurements and high-resolution ROMS simulations. Active submesoscale filaments with a typical horizontal scale of O(1-10) km are detected to be characterized by O(1) Rossby number (Ro) from the fine-resolution satellite images and simulation results. The diagnostic analysis shows that down-front wind forcing drives a net cross-front Ekman transport and advects heavy water over light water. This process at submesoscale tends to reduce the stratification and potential vorticity (PV), exacerbates the frontal instabilities, and forms the cross-front secondary circulation. The high-resolution simulation results show that the maximum vertical velocity in the frontal zone can reach 100m?d -1, which significantly enhances vertical material exchange. In this context, active submesoscale processes may contribute to enhanced vertical exchanges of the upper ocean in the summer upwelling front of the western SCS.

Key words: upwelling front, submesoscale process, ROMS, satellite remote sensing, western South China Sea