热带海洋学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 51-60.doi: 10.11978/2021096

• 海洋地貌学 • 上一篇    下一篇

钦州湾人工海滩剖面变化过程

冯炳斌1,2(), 王日明3,4, 黎树式3, 黄鹄3(), 胡宝清1   

  1. 1.北部湾环境演变与资源利用教育部重点实验室(南宁师范大学), 南宁 广西 530000
    2.地理科学与规划学院(南宁师范大学), 南宁 广西 530000
    3.广西北部湾海洋灾害研究重点实验室(北部湾大学), 钦州 广西 535011
    4.钦州市环境生态修复重点实验室(北部湾大学), 钦州 广西 535011
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-28 修回日期:2021-10-28 出版日期:2022-07-10 发布日期:2021-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 黄鹄
  • 作者简介:冯炳斌(1996—), 男, 广西北海人, 硕士研究生, 研究方向为海岸动力沉积地貌。email: FengBingbin@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    广西自然科学基金(2018JJD150005);国家自然科学基金(41930537);国家自然科学基金(41666003);广西重点研发计划(桂科)(AB21076016)

Changes of the artificial beach profile in the Qinzhou Bay

FENG Bingbin1,2(), WANG Riming3,4, LI Shushi3, HUANG Hu3(), HU Baoqing1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Beibu Gulf Environmental Change and Resource Use, Ministry of Education (Nanning Normal University), Nanning 530000, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning (Nanning Normal University), Nanning 530000, China
    3. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Marine Disaster Research in Beibu Gulf (Beibu Gulf University), Qinzhou 535011, China
    4. Qinzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental and Ecological Restoration (Beibu Gulf University), Qinzhou 535011, China
  • Received:2021-07-28 Revised:2021-10-28 Online:2022-07-10 Published:2021-10-25
  • Contact: HUANG Hu
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Province(2018JJD150005);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41930537);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41666003);Guangxi Key Research and Development Program(AB21076016)

摘要:

波浪和潮汐作用下的海滩剖面动态变化过程是海岸演变及沿海防护工程设计与旅游资源规划的核心内容。本文以广西钦州湾沙井半岛人工海滩为研究区, 基于GPS-RTK采集的2018年1月—2019年12月的逐月剖面高程实测数据, 通过分析剖面冲淤和单宽体积变化, 利用EOF(Empirical Orthogonal Function)函数揭示剖面的高程变化模式, 进而探讨海滩剖面的动态演变过程。研究的主要结果表明: 1) 在观测期间, 人工海滩剖面的冲淤情况整体展现出冬春季淤积、夏秋季侵蚀的变化特征; 2) 人工海滩剖面因泥沙横向输移而导致不同横向分带的单宽体积变化趋势呈差异性, 不同横向分带具有侵蚀与淤积交替出现的情况; 3) 人工海滩剖面的变化模式可划分为由强降雨及台风导致剖面高程明显降低的主要模式、波潮影响下的剖面高程经历强降雨及台风后逐渐淤积和恢复的次要模式、波浪破碎形成卷流引起滩面冲淤变化的其他模式。

关键词: 海滩剖面变化, 波潮作用, 经验正交函数, 横向分带差异, 人工海滩

Abstract:

The dynamic process of beach profile changes under the actions of waves and tides is the key to understanding coastal evolution, coastal defence design and tourism resource planning. Taking an artificial beach in the Shajing Peninsula of the Qinzhou Bay in Guangxi province as the study area, the study aims to explore the dynamic process of beach profile changes by analyzing the erosion and single-width volume of beach profile, as well as using EOF (Empirical Orthogonal Function) to reveal its model, based on the monthly surveyed profile elevation data from January 2018 to December 2019 using by GPS-RTK, The main results were shown as followed: (1) during the observation period, the artificial beach profile showed a regular variation characterized by accretion in winter and spring and erosion in summer and autumn; (2) due to the transverse sediment transport over the artificial beach, the single-width volumes of beach profile displayed opposite variation trends in adjacent transversal zones, which was manifested by a alternation between erosion and accretion; (3) the variation modes of artificial beach profiles could be divided into three parts that include the main model that beach profile elevations decreased significantly due to heavy rainfall and typhoon, the secondary model that the beach profile recovered gradually after heavy rainfall and typhoon under the influences of tides and normal waves, and the third model that beach profile changes resulted from wave breaking-induced currents under the action of normal waves.

Key words: beach profile changes, wave and tide actions, Empirical Orthogonal Function, transversal zones, artificial beach

中图分类号: 

  • P737.13