热带海洋学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 36-43.doi: 10.11978/j.issn.1009-5470.2014.01.005

所属专题: 海上丝绸之路专题

• 海洋气象学 • 上一篇    下一篇

前期热带太平洋、印度洋持续性海温异常事件对菲律宾低层大气环流的影响

李琰1, 王庆元2, 李欢1, 张增健1, 宋军1, 李响1   

  1. 1. 国家海洋信息中心, 天津 300171; 2. 天津市气象局, 天津 300074
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-01 修回日期:2013-05-03 出版日期:2014-03-07 发布日期:2014-03-08
  • 作者简介:李琰(1982~), 女, 安徽省宿州市人, 博士, 主要从事气候变化研究。E-mail: ly_nmdis@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41106004、41106159、41206013); 国家海洋局海洋公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201005019); 国家海洋局青年海洋科学基金(2012223)

Impacts of long lasting SST anomaly events in the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans on anomalous Philippine Sea anticyclone

LI Yan1, WANG Qing-yuan2, LI Huan1, ZHANG Zengjian1, SONG Jun1, LI Xiang1   

  1. 1. National Marine Data & Information Service, Tianjin 300171, China; 2. Tianjin Meteorological Observatory, Tianjin 300074, China
  • Received:2013-03-01 Revised:2013-05-03 Online:2014-03-07 Published:2014-03-08

摘要: 利用NCEP/NCAR的1951~2010年逐月再分析资料和NOAA气候诊断中心的1951~2010年的海表温度扩展重建资料, 在诊断分析的基础上结合数值模拟试验探讨了前期秋季开始持续的热带海温异常事件对菲律宾低层大气环流的影响。结果表明: 1)相比于西南印度洋海温异常事件和北印度洋海温异常事件, 前期秋季印度洋上与9月至次年6月的菲律宾异常反气旋(PSAC)关系最为密切的是印度洋偶极子事件(IOD); 2)在前期秋季单纯El Niño事件发生时, 11月至次年5月在菲律宾海地区均表现出明显的异常反气旋性环流特征。在没有El Niño事件影响时, 单纯正位相IOD事件下从11月到次年4月菲律宾海地区依然表现出异常反气旋性环流特征, 但再分析资料表明其强度要较El Niño情形下的偏弱; 3)当正位相两事件伴随发生时, 两事件对El Niño具有协同作用, 在该作用下菲律宾海地区的反气旋异常环流相对于单纯某种海温异常事件表现得更加强大, 且持续时间更长, 甚至到8月仍表现出显著的反气旋环流特征。

Abstract: Based on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data and the sea surface temperature (SST) data from the NOAA, the influence of SST anomalies (SSTAs) associated with the ENSO and IOD (Indian Ocean Dipole) events on low-level anomalous anticyclone in the Philippine Sea (named PSAC) was investigated using diagnosis methods and simulation experiments. The results are as follows. There is a more significant relationship between the IOD events in preceding autumn and the PSAC from winter to spring than that between other Indian SSTA events and PSAC. In a pure El Niño year, there is a notable PSAC appearing over the Philippine Sea from November to the following April. Compared to the El Niño events, the influence of pure positive IOD events on the PSAC is much weaker based on the reanalysis data and has shorter lifecycle from November to the following April. In the co-occurring year of El Niño and IOD, the PSAC tends to enhance and remain until the following August, which indicates that these SSTA events reinforce the PSAC jointly.

中图分类号: 

  • P732.27