热带海洋学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 9-16.doi: 10.11978/j.issn.1009-5470.2014.06.002

• 海洋水文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

2004~2011年印度尼西亚贯穿流在望加锡海峡中的年际变化

王健1,2, 杜岩1, 郑少军1, 刘凯3   

  1. 1.中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 广东广州510301;2.中国科学院大学, 北京100049;3.长江勘测规划设计研究院, 湖北武汉430014
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-19 修回日期:2014-04-30 出版日期:2015-01-07 发布日期:2015-01-07
  • 通讯作者: 杜岩。E-mail: duyan@scsio.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王健(1987~), 男, 安徽省界首市人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事海洋环流。E-mail: jj@scsio.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41176024); 中国科学院先导科技专项项目(XDA11010103); 国家重点基础研究发展计划 (“973”)项目(2010CB950302、2012CB955603)

Interannual variability of Indonesian throughflow in the Makassar Strait during 2004~2011

WANG Jian1, 2, DU Yan1, ZHENG Shao-jun1, LIU Kai3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography ,;Guangzhou 510301, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Changjiang Institute of Survey, Planning, Design and Research, Wuhan 430014, China
  • Received:2013-12-19 Revised:2014-04-30 Online:2015-01-07 Published:2015-01-07

摘要: 文章基于2004年1月~2006年11月的“国际努加登沙层结与输运”(international Nusantara stratification and transport, INSTANT)计划以及2006年11月~2011年7月的“印度尼西亚贯穿流观测”(monitoring the Indonesian throughflow, MITF)计划的实测数据, 从长时间序列研究印度尼西亚贯穿流的变化。在望加锡海峡中, 印度尼西亚贯穿流的周期信号分布非常丰富, 涵盖潮汐、季节内、季节和年际信号。对于季节变化, 东南季风期间温跃层深度上最大南向流速约为1.0m•s-1, 而西北季风期间最大南向流速约为0.8m•s-1。印度尼西亚贯穿流的年际变化与尼诺3.4区指数(NINO 3.4)呈正相关, 最大相关系数大约在NINO 3.4前1~2个月; 水深150m以上, 印度尼西亚贯穿流与偶极子模态指数(dipole mode index, DMI)呈负相关, 200m以下呈正相关, 在时间上较DMI滞后约1~2个月。季节变化的经验正交分解(empirical orthogonal function, EOF)前2个模态方差的总贡献率为97%, 其中第一模态为65%, 第二模态为32%; 年际变化的EOF前2个模态的方差贡献率为90%, 其中第一模态为51%, 第二模态为39%。季节变化的第二模态和年际变化的第一模态表征赤道印度洋开尔文波模态, 该模态的空间结构在垂向会发生相位反转; 季节变化的第一模态和年际变化的第二模态表征赤道太平洋罗斯贝波(Rossby waves)的厄尔尼诺与南方涛动(El Niño and southern oscillation, ENSO)模态, 其垂向的空间结构变化比较一致。

关键词: 印度尼西亚贯穿流, 望加锡海峡, 年际变化

Abstract: Thanks to the INSTANT (international Nusantara stratification and transport) and MITF (monitoring the Indonesian throughflow) programs, more data became available for studying the Indonesian throughflow (ITF) through the Makassar Strait. The ITF in the Makassar Strait shows a broad range of activities, from tidal, intraseasonal, seasonal, to annual time scales. The maximum velocity in the Makassar Strait is thermocline intensified, at -1.0 m•s-1 during the southeast monsoon and -0.8 m•s-1 during the northwest monsoon. The interannual variability of the ITF has a positive correlation with NINO 3.4, leading NINO 3.4 by 1~2 months, while the ITF in the upper 150 m has a negative correlation with the dipole model index (DMI), but the ITF below 200 m has a positive correlation with the DMI, lagging DMI by 1~2 months. Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of seasonal variability reveals that the first two dominant modes account for 97% of the total variance, namely, the first and second modes accounted for 65% and 32% of the total variance, respectively. EOF of the interannual variability shows that the first mode accounts for 51% of the total variance, and the second, for 39%. The second mode of the seasonal variability and the first mode of the interannual variability are dominated by the intrusions of Kelvin waves from the tropical Indian Ocean. The first mode of the seasonal variability and the second mode of the interannual variability reflect ENSO modulation of Rossby waves from the tropical Pacific Ocean.

Key words: Indonesian throughflow, Makassar Strait, interannual variability

中图分类号: 

  • P731.27