热带海洋学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 52-65.doi: 10.11978/j.issn.1009-5470.2015.02.007

• 海洋地质学 • 上一篇    下一篇

南海北部末次冰盛期晚期以来冰融水与气候事件记录: 长链脂肪醇陆源输入指示

茅晟懿1, 4, 朱小畏2, 4, 吴能友1, 4, 孙永革3, 管红香1, 4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院天然气水合物重点实验室, 中国科学院广州能源研究所, 广东 广州 510640;
    2. 中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室, 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所, 广东 广州 510640;
    3. 浙江大学地球科学系, 浙江 杭州 310027;
    4. 中国科学院广州天然气水合物研究中心, 广东 广州 510640
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-19 修回日期:2014-09-16 出版日期:2015-04-10 发布日期:2015-04-12
  • 通讯作者: 吴能友。E-mail: wuny@ms.giec.ac.cn; Tel: 020-87052746
  • 作者简介:茅晟懿(1983~), 女, 浙江省杭州市人, 助理研究员, 主要研究有机地球化学。E-mail: maoshengyi@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41303067、41103043); 中国科学院重点部署项目(KGZD-EW-301); 中国科学院-国家外国专家局创新团队国际合作伙伴计划; 中国科学院广州能源研究所所长基金(y107r71001); 有机地球化学国家重点实验室开放基金(OGL-201209)

Records of melt water pulses and climate events from the northern South China Sea since late Last Glacial Maximum: Implication of terrigenous input

MAO Sheng-yi1, 4, ZHU Xiao-wei2, 4, WU Neng-you1, 4, SUN Yong-ge3, GUAN Hong-xiang1, 4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China;
    3. Department of Geosciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China;
    4. Guangzhou Center for Gas Hydrate Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Received:2014-08-19 Revised:2014-09-16 Online:2015-04-10 Published:2015-04-12

摘要: 对南海北部陆坡Site4B站位末次冰盛期晚期至全新世(30~120cm)长链脂肪醇分布及碳同位素组成进行讨论, 结果表明, 长链脂肪醇碳优势指数(CPI, 10.49~24.56)、平均碳链长(ACL, 28.91~29.99)以及平均碳同位素组成(-28.85± 0.97‰~-32.92±1.38‰)均反映了陆源C3植物来源, 代表了沉积物中陆源输入。Site4B站位末次冰盛期末至晚更新世末(65~102cm, 19.343~11.636ka BP)普遍较低的陆源输入均响应了大规模的冰融水事件19ka-MWP、MWP-1A、MWP-1B (melt water pulse, MWP)和暖气候事件(B/A事件), 不具冰期/间冰期旋回变化特征。在末次冰盛期晚期(102~120cm)和全新世(30~60cm, 10.490~约7.104 ka BP)陆源输入的旋回变化均反映了加强/减弱的冬季风/夏季风旋回变化, 其中在末次冰盛期晚期记录一次冬季风最强事件, 在早全新世至9.940ka BP记录一次夏季风最强事件。通过Site4B站位末次冰盛期末至晚更新世末(19.343~约11.636 ka BP)千年尺度陆源输入分布特征和全球冰期/间冰期旋回气候变化的对比, 发现不具明确的区域对比性, 可能受到低纬地区局地环境的作用所致。

Abstract: The distribution and δ13C composition of long chain n-alcohols from the late Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to the Holocene in Site 4B core sediments from the continental slope of the northern South China Sea was discussed in this paper. The distribution of carbon preference index (CPI, 10.49~24.56), average chain length (ACL, 28.91~29.99) and average carbon isotope (-28.85‰±0.97‰ to -32.92‰±1.38‰) of long chain n-alcohols reflected a C3 higher plant source and a dominated terrigenous input of organic materials into the sediments. The relatively low terrigenous input was related to the extensive melt water pulse (MWP) events (19ka-MWP, MWP-1A and MWP-1B), and Bølling-Allerød (B/A) warming event from the end of the LGM to the end of the Late Pleistocene in Site 4B sediments (65~102cm, 19.343 to ~ 11.636 ka BP) without glacial period/interglacial period cycle. However, the distribution of the terrigenous input reflected intensified/weakened winter monsoon/summer monsoon cycle during the late LGM and Holocene, with the winter monsoon maximum periods recorded during the late LGM and the summer monsoon maximum periods in about 9.940ka BP. Compared with the cycle climate change of global glacial period/interglacial period, the distribution of the terrigenous input from the end of the LGM to the end of the Late Pleistocene in Site 4B sediments (19.343 to ~ 11.636 ka BP) reflected ambiguous regional comparability, probably related to the regional environmental activity in low latitudes.