热带海洋学报

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人工礁研究进展与展望

袁涛1, 2,施奇佳3, 4,姚宇3, 4*,许从昊3, 4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院热带海洋生物资源与生态重点实验室, 广东省应用海洋生物学重点实验室, 中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 广东 广州 510301;

    2. 海南三亚海洋生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站;中国科学院海南热带海洋生物实验站, 海南 三亚 572000;

    3. 长沙理工大学 水利与环境工程学院, 湖南 长沙 410114;

    4. 水沙科学与水灾害防治湖南省重点实验室, 湖南 长沙 410114

  • 收稿日期:2022-02-16 修回日期:2022-05-03 出版日期:2022-05-17 发布日期:2022-05-17
  • 通讯作者: 姚宇
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点研发计划课题(2021YFC00502, 2021YFC00505)

Research progresses and prospects of the artificial reefs

YUAN Tao1, 2, SHI Qijia3, 4, YAO Yu3, 4*, XU Conghao3, 4   

  1. 1. CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology;Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China;

    2. Sanya National Marine Ecosystem Research Station; Tropical Marine Biological Research Station in Hainan, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Sanya 572000, China;

    3. School of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China; 4. Key Laboratory of Water-Sediment Sciences and Water Disaster Prevention of Hunan Province, Changsha 410114, China

  • Received:2022-02-16 Revised:2022-05-03 Online:2022-05-17 Published:2022-05-17
  • Contact: YU YAO
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China (2021YFC00502, 2021YFC00505)

摘要: 人工礁是一类人为放置在海底的结构物,以模拟实现天然礁石的某些特性,可具有加强渔业资源增殖、促进海洋生境修复和支持滨海娱乐休闲等功能。其起源可追溯到数千年前,但关于人工礁的系统性研究和应用是自上个世纪开始的。近年来,随着人工礁的研究热度与日俱增,大量的新材料、新结构、新方法和新应用被提出和实践。通过回顾国内外关于人工礁的研究进展,从人工礁的设计、研究及应用三个方面对当前该领域的现状进行综述。并对今后人工礁的研究和应用方向进行展望,旨在为今后国内人工礁方面的相关工作提供一定的借鉴和参考。

关键词: 人工礁, 生境修复, 水动力学, 岛礁工程

Abstract: Artificial reefs are submerged structures artificially placed on the seabed to mimic some characteristics of natural reefs. They can have the functions of enhancing the proliferation of fishery resources, promoting the restoration of marine habitats and supporting coastal recreation. Its origins date back thousands of years, but systematic research and applications on artificial reefs began in the last century. In recent years, with the increasing popularity of artificial reef research, a large number of new materials, new structures, new methods and new applications have been proposed and practiced. By reviewing the research progress of artificial reefs in China and abroad, the current situation in this field is reviewed from three aspects: the design, research and application of artificial reefs. The research and application direction of artificial reefs in the future are prospected, aiming to guide the future relevant works on artificial reefs in China.

Key words: artificial reefs, habitat restoration, hydrodynamics, reef engineering