热带海洋学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 143-156.doi: 10.11978/2020071

• 综述 • 上一篇    

海洋动物营养生态位研究方法及其应用

李云凯1,2,3,4(), 陈子昂1, 贡艺1,2,3,4, 陈新军1,2,3,4   

  1. 1.上海海洋大学海洋科学学院, 上海 201306
    2.大洋渔业资源可持续开发省部共建教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306
    3.国家远洋渔业工程技术研究中心, 上海 201306
    4.农业部大洋渔业开发重点实验室, 上海 201306
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-10 修回日期:2020-08-29 出版日期:2021-07-10 发布日期:2020-09-02
  • 通讯作者: 李云凯
  • 作者简介:李云凯(1981―), 男, 吉林省长春市人, 博士, 从事海洋生态学、稳定同位素生态学、濒危物种保护生物学研究。email: ykli@shou.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31872573);上海市自然科学基金项目(17ZR1413000);青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室开放课题(2017-1A03);农业农村部远洋与极地渔业创新重点实验室开放课题(2019-3)

A review on the methods used in trophic niche studies of marine animals and their applications

LI Yunkai1,2,3,4(), CHEN Ziang1, GONG Yi1,2,3,4, CHEN Xinjun1,2,3,4   

  1. 1. College of Marine Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
    2. The Key Laboratory of Sustainable Exploitation of Oceanic Fisheries Resources, Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201306, China
    3. National Engineering Research Center for Oceanic Fisheries, Shanghai 201306, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Oceanic Fisheries Exploration, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Received:2020-07-10 Revised:2020-08-29 Online:2021-07-10 Published:2020-09-02
  • Contact: LI Yunkai
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(31872573);Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai(17ZR1413000);Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(2017-1A03);Key Laboratory of Oceanic and Polar Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs(2019-3)

摘要:

食物资源对海洋动物的生存和繁衍至关重要。海洋动物的营养生态位描述了其在海洋生态系统中的生态地位及功能, 对分析种间关系和资源分配模式、了解群落结构与功能具有重要的指示作用。本文在整理近30年来国内外相关研究的基础上, 系统归纳了当前海洋动物营养生态位研究的主要方法(胃含物分析、整体组织稳定同位素分析、脂肪酸组成分析和特定化合物稳定同位素分析)及其应用领域, 着重归纳总结了量化营养生态位宽度和重叠的生态模型, 并分析了各营养生态位评估方法的优势和局限性。同时在此基础上, 对今后研究方向提出了展望, 以期为我国海洋动物摄食生态学相关研究工作提供参考。

关键词: 海洋动物, 营养生态位, 胃含物分析, 稳定同位素, 脂肪酸组成, 氨基酸单体稳定同位素

Abstract:

Food resources are crucial for the survival and reproduction of marine animals. The trophic niche of marine organisms refers to the ecological roles and functions in marine ecosystem. It plays an important role in studying interspecific relationship, resource partitioning, community structure and function. In this study, by collecting the relevant research on trophic niche of marine animals, we review current research methods (stomach content analysis, bulk tissue stable isotope analysis, fatty acid profiles and compound-specific isotopic analysis) and their applications by focusing on their corresponding ecological models on quantitively evaluating the breadth and overlap of the trophic niche. Moreover, potential development and directions for further studies are presented, with the aim of providing supports for future research on feeding ecology of marine animals.

Key words: marine animal, trophic niche, stomach content analysis, stable isotope, fatty acid profile, compound-specific isotopic analysis

中图分类号: 

  • P735.12