热带海洋学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 45-52.doi: 10.11978/2020124

• 海洋生物学 • 上一篇    下一篇

广西涠洲岛柳珊瑚共附生真菌多样性及其抑菌活性*

陆春菊1(), 陆玫霖1, 刘昕明1, 刘永宏1,2, 高程海1, 徐新亚1()   

  1. 1.广西中医药大学海洋药物研究院, 广西 南宁 530200
    2.中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 中国科学院热带海洋生物资源与生态重点实验室, 广东省海洋药物重点实验室, 广东 广州 510301
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-30 修回日期:2021-01-27 出版日期:2021-09-10 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐新亚
  • 作者简介:陆春菊(1997—), 女, 广西壮族自治区桂平市人, 硕士研究生, 从事海洋天然产物化学研究。email: 2250562004@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(42066006);国家自然科学基金(41606186);广西科技计划项目人才专项(AD19245116);广西中医药大学岐黄工程高层次人才团队培育项目(2018006);广西八桂学者专项(05019055);广西中医药大学引进博士科研启动基金(2018BS039);广西中医药大学海洋药物研究院科研专项(2018ZD005);中药学广西一流学科项目([2018] No. 12)

Diversity and anti-bacteria activity of the gorgonian derived fungi from Weizhou Island of Guangxi Province*

LU Chunju1(), LU Meilin1, LIU Xinming1, LIU Yonghong1,2, GAO Chenghai1, XU Xinya1()   

  1. 1. Institute of Marine Drugs, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanning 530200, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Marine Materia Medica, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
  • Received:2020-10-30 Revised:2021-01-27 Online:2021-09-10 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: XU Xinya
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42066006);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41606186);Guangxi Natural Science Foundation(AD19245116);Development Program of High level Talent Team under Qihuang Project of Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine(2018006);Special Fund for Bagui Scholars of Guangxi(05019055);Initial Scientific Research Foundation of Introduced Doctors in 2019 of GXUCM(2018BS039);Scientific Research Foundation of Institute of Marine Drugs, GUCM(2018ZD005);Guangxi First-class Discipline: Chinese Materia Medica(Scientific Research of Guangxi Education Department)([2018] No. 12)

摘要:

文章使用4种分离培养基, 从10个广西涠洲岛柳珊瑚样本中分离可培养真菌, 通过菌落形态观察和内转录间隔区序列系统发育分析, 得到涠洲岛柳珊瑚共附生真菌多样性信息, 并采用96孔板法测定了真菌发酵液乙酸乙酯提取物的抑菌活性和抗生物被膜形成活性。试验结果表明, 从涠洲岛柳珊瑚样本中分离得到191株共附生真菌, 鉴定为26个种。这些真菌均属于子囊菌门, 分布于6个属: 曲霉属(Aspergillus)、青霉属(Penicillium)、链格孢属(Alternaria)、枝孢菌属(Cladosporium)、黑孢霉属(Nigrospora)和Parengyodontium属。曲霉属(Aspergillus)为优势种属, 占总菌株种类的69.23%; 次优属为枝孢菌属(Cladosporium)。抑菌活性筛选发现有11种真菌至少对一种指示菌有抑制活性, 占菌种总数的42.31%; 有7种真菌对表皮葡萄球菌生物被膜形成具有抑制活性, 半数有效浓度(EC50)范围为40.3~155μg·mL-1, 菌株Penicillium cinnamopurpureum GXIMD00518、Aspergillus carneus GXIMD00519具有抗耐甲氧西林金黄色葡萄球菌生物被膜形成活性, EC50分别为105.4μg·mL-1和117.4μg·mL-1

关键词: 柳珊瑚, 海洋来源真菌, 生物多样性, 抑菌活性, 生物被膜

Abstract:

Four media were used to study culturable fungal diversity in 10 gorgonian samples obtained from Weizhou Island, Guangxi Province. Fungi were further identified by colonial morphology observations and molecular biological analyses. Their anti-bacteria and anti-biofilm activities were determined by 96-well microplate assay. A total of 191 fungal strains were isolated from those gorgonians. All of the 191 fungi belonged to the phylum Ascomycota, and were distributed among six genera: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria, Cladosporium, Nigrospora, and Parengyodontium. Eleven fungal strains exhibited inhibitory effect against the three strains of pathogenic bacteria, which are Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC12228, Streptococcus agalactiae ATCC51487, and Streptococcus iniae ATCC29178. The strains P. cinnamopurpureum GXIMD00518 and A. carneus GXIMD00519 also showed anti-MRSA biofilm activities. Gorgonians are rich resources of fungi that deserve further exploration.

Key words: gorgonian, marine derived fungus, biodiversity, anti-bacteria activity, biofilm

中图分类号: 

  • P735.51