热带海洋学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 81-86.doi: 10.11978/j.issn.1009-5470.2011.02.081

• 红树林 • 上一篇    下一篇

海南东寨港、三亚河和青梅港红树林群落健康评价

王丽荣1, 李贞2, 蒲杨婕2, 廖文波3, 张乔民 1, 余克服1, 赵焕庭1   

  1. 1.中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室,中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 广东 广州 510301; 2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东 广州 510275; 3中山大学生命科学学院, 广东 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-02 修回日期:2010-06-30 出版日期:2011-05-06 发布日期:2011-05-04
  • 通讯作者: 李贞。E-mail: zdlizhen@163.com
  • 作者简介:王丽荣(1972—), 女, 河北省安国县人, 博士, 助研, 主要从事珊瑚礁和红树林生态研究。E-mail: wlrlwqyshq@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    海洋公益性行业科研专项(200705026); 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-318); 国家自然科学基金项目(40830852); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2007CB815905)

Health evaluation of mangrove community in Dongzhaigang, Sanyahe, and Qing-meigang Mangrove Nature Reserves of Hainan province

WANG Li-rong1, LI Zhen2, PU Yang-jie2, LIAO Wen-bo3, ZHANG Qiao-min1, YU Ke-fu1, ZHAO Huan-ting1   

  1. 1. CAS Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS, Guangzhou 510301, China; 2. School of Geography Sciences and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China; 3. School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2010-04-02 Revised:2010-06-30 Online:2011-05-06 Published:2011-05-04
  • Contact: 李贞。E-mail: zdlizhen@163.com
  • About author:王丽荣(1972—), 女, 河北省安国县人, 博士, 助研, 主要从事珊瑚礁和红树林生态研究。E-mail: wlrlwqyshq@yahoo.com.cn
  • Supported by:

    海洋公益性行业科研专项(200705026); 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-318); 国家自然科学基金项目(40830852); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2007CB815905)

摘要:

以海南东寨港、三亚河和青梅港红树林保护区为研究对象, 构建出红树林健康指数(EI)评价指标体系和方法, 并确定了评价标准和评价等级, 对海南红树林群落进行了健康状况评价。结果表明, 2009年, 东寨港、三亚河和青梅港保护区的红树林群落健康指数分别是0.8640, 0.4798和0.5791, 分别处于Ⅰ级(健康)、Ⅲ级(亚健康)和Ⅱ级(中等健康状态)。结果说明东寨港红树林群落结构和功能稳定, 生态演替序列完整, 对环境压力响应良好。三亚河和青梅港红树林处于城市中心区和旅游开发区, 受外界干扰影响大, 退化明显, 红树林的保护和恢复受到不同程度的限制。

关键词: 海南, 红树林群落, 健康评价, 评价指标, 评价标准

Abstract:

 An evaluation index system and method are built for mangrove health in Hainan province’s Dongzhaigang, Sanyahe, and Qingmeigang reserves. Evaluation criteria and rating are also set up to look into the health conditions of the mangrove community. The results show the health indices of the mangrove community in the above-mentioned three areas are 0.8640, 0.4798, and 0.5791, which fall into the ranks of Ⅰ-grade (healthy), Ⅲ-grade (sub-healthy), and Ⅱ-grade (moderate healthy), respectively. Such results represent the mangrove community structure and functions of the Dongzhaigang are in stable condi-tion, its ecological succession sequence is intact, and the community responds well to environmental pressure. Located in downtown area and tourism development zone respectively, the mangrove in Sanyahe and Qingmeigang are heavily affected by environmental disturbances, which led to their obvious deterioration. The protection and recovery of the two areas are lim-ited in different degrees.

Key words: Hainan province, mangrove community, health evaluation, evaluation index, evaluation criteria