热带海洋学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 106-116.doi: 10.11978/2021030

• 海洋气象学 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于航次观测和再分析资料的南海海表二氧化碳分压反演及变化机制分析*

邱爽1,2(), 叶海军1,3, 张玉红1,2,3(), 唐世林1,2,3   

  1. 1. 热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(中国科学院南海海洋研究所), 广东 广州 510301
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3. 南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州), 广东 广州 511458
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-04 修回日期:2021-04-08 出版日期:2022-01-10 发布日期:2021-04-29
  • 通讯作者: 张玉红
  • 作者简介:邱爽(1992—), 女, 北京人, 博士研究生, 主要从事海洋动力过程与环境效应研究。email: qasisqius@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA13010404);国家自然科学基金(41806146);国家自然科学基金(41976024);国家自然科学基金(41830538);南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室( 广州) 重大专项团队项目(GML2019ZD0302);南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室( 广州) 重大专项团队项目(GML2019ZD0303);“广东特支计划”本土创新创业团队(2019BT02H594)

Multi-linear regression of partial pressure of sea-surface carbon dioxide in the South China Sea and its mechanism

QIU Shuang1,2(), YE Haijun1,3, ZHANG Yuhong1,2,3(), TANG Shilin1,2,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 511458, China
  • Received:2021-03-04 Revised:2021-04-08 Online:2022-01-10 Published:2021-04-29
  • Contact: ZHANG Yuhong
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA13010404);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41806146);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41976024);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41830538);Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou)(GML2019ZD0302);Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou)(GML2019ZD0303);“Guangdong TeZhi Plan” Local Innovation and Entrepreneurship Team(2019BT02H594)

摘要:

海表二氧化碳分压(pCO2)是指海洋表层水和大气之间的二氧化碳(CO2)交换处于动态平衡时CO2的含量, 是描述海-气CO2交换的一个主要因子。本文利用2008—2014年覆盖南海大部分海域的海表pCO2观测资料, 结合现场海表温度和海表盐度以及卫星观测的叶绿素a数据, 构建了基于多元线性回归方法的分区域反演模型。模型在水深浅于30m的区域均方根误差为5.3μatm, 其余海区均方根误差为10.8μatm, 与前人基于个别航次的有限区域反演结果的均方根误差相当。利用该模型公式和HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model(HYCOM)再分析海表温、盐数据及MODIS-Aqua卫星观测的叶绿素a数据进行反演, 得到了时空分辨率为5'×5'的2004—2016年的逐月南海海表pCO2数据。该数据能较好地反映南海海表pCO2在海表温度影响下, 春夏高、秋冬低的季节变化特征, 与前人基于航次观测的研究结果相似, 表明反演模型具有较高的可信度。进一步分析发现, 南海及邻近海域平均海表pCO2具有显著的准十年振荡特征: 2012年附近出现了极小值, 之前表现为降低的趋势, 之后略有升高的趋势。受海表pCO2的影响, 南海海盆平均海-气CO2通量在2012年之前出现了显著降低的趋势, 表明南海释放到大气中的CO2减少, 并在2007年之后的冬季出现了负值(从碳源变为碳汇), 2012年之后变化较为平缓。热带太平洋年代际振荡引起的南海区域海表盐度变化是造成海表pCO2及海-气CO2通量准十年变化的主要原因。分区分析的结果表明, 南海北部海表pCO2变化最为显著, 在南海海表pCO2的季节和准十年变化中都起到非常重要的作用。

关键词: 南海, 海表pCO2反演, 海-气CO2通量, 海表盐度, 准十年振荡

Abstract:

The partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) refers to the content of CO2 gas at the sea surface when the CO2 exchange between the sea surface and atmosphere is in dynamic equilibrium, which is an important factor to calculate air-sea CO2 flux. Based on the observations of pCO2 covering most of the South China Sea (SCS) from 2008 to 2014, combined with in-situ observations of sea-surface temperature (SST), sea-surface salinity (SSS) and Modis-Aqua satellite observations of chlorophyll a (Chla), we construct a regional inversion of sea-surface pCO2 based on a multi-linear regression method. The root mean square error is estimated to be 5.3 μatm in the area with depth shallower than 30 m, and 10.8 μatm in the remaining sea area, which are consistent with previous results based on cruise observations. Using the equation acquired from our method and combining with the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) reanalysis SST and SSS data and MODIS-Aqua remote sensing Chla data, we obtained monthly sea-surface pCO2 of the SCS from 2004 to 2016 with spatial resolution of 5'×5'. The data can well reflect the seasonal variation of sea-surface pCO2 in the SCS under the influence of SST, which is high in spring and summer, and low in autumn and winter. These findings are similar to previous results based on cruise observations, indicating our method has rather high reliability. Further analysis shows the average sea-surface pCO2 of the SCS and adjacent sea areas has a significant quasi-decadal oscillation: a minimum value appeared around 2011, which first showed a decreasing trend and then an increasing trend. Due to the influence of sea-surface pCO2, the average air-sea CO2 flux in the SCS and adjacent areas decreased significantly before 2012, and changed into negative values during winter, then changed slowly since 2012. The variation of SSS in the SCS caused by the Pacific Decadal Oscillation is the main reason for the quasi-decadal oscillation of sea-surface pCO2 and air-sea CO2 fluxes. Our results indicate the variation of sea-surface pCO2 in the northern SCS is the most significant, which plays an important role in the seasonal and quasi-decadal oscillation of pCO2 in the whole area.

Key words: South China Sea, sea-surface pCO2 inversion, air-sea CO2 flux, sea-surface salinity, quasi-decadal oscillation

中图分类号: 

  • P732.6